Impact of Entrepreneurship Education in Denmark
Short-term results from a longitudinal survey on the impact of
entrepreneurship education show that different kinds of teaching
result in different effects.
The analysis of the survey on 9th grade level
indicates that students who are taught Entrepreneurship as a
trademanship reach a higher level of entrepreneurial intentions
while their attachment to school is negatively influenced. In
other words, students who participate in traditional
entrepreneurship education with a cognitive approach increase their
intentions of becoming self-employed but are not particularly happy
about school. Entrepreneurship taught as a method shows quite
different effects. Students who are taught non-cognitive
entrepreneurial skills are not as keen on becoming self-employed,
but enjoy going to school, feel connected to their peers, and
supported by their teachers.
Participants in Company Programme, which is offered at the upper
secondary level and focuses on both cognitive and non-cognitive
skills, increased their level of entrepreneurial intentions. The
programme seems to have the greatest impact on girls with regard to
overcoming barriers to entrepreneurship, but at the same time the
analysis shows that the educational design focuses more on the
needs of boys than on those of girls.
Interesting findings from the university level survey are that
after one year of participating in entrepreneurship education the
number of students who started their own company during their
education had increased with 50% while the number of students in
the control group doing so had decreased with 49,4%. The
entrepreneurial self-efficacy dimensions which explained their
entrepreneurial behaviour were to a great extent their perceived
ability to manage uncertainty and their level of financial
Read the complete analysis of the survey on 9th
graders, as well as the survey on participants in Company
Programme, and the one on university students in the latest report
from the Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship - Young Enterprise.
The analysis can be downloaded from the right column.
Earlier Reports on the Impact of
Entrepreneurship Education in Denmark
The Danish government has since 2001 taken a range of
initiatives to strengthen entrepreneurship education, and analyses
show that more pupils and students than earlier now receive
entrepreneurship teaching and training.
The most recent mapping carried out by the Danish
Foundation for Entrepreneurship - Young Enterprise shows that 10
percent of all pupils and students in Denmark received
entrepreneurship education in the school year 2010/2011.
Over the recent years a wish for documentation of the impact of
entrepreneurship education in regard to skills, competences and
motivation for entrepreneurship has grown quite strong.
The Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship - Young Enterprise
did a first study of the impact of entrepreneurship education on
the future careers of alumni in 2010. This report contains results
from a survey conducted in Denmark by the Global Entrepreneurship
Monitor (GEM) research group as well as findings from various
international surveys and analyses. Download a summary of the main
findings in the right column.
The first results from a longitunal study performed on both
pupils at lower graudate level and university graduate level are
presented in 'Impact of Entrepreneurship Education - 2011'.
Findings from the surveys show that pupils who have
entrepreneurship education and training feel more connected to
school, feel more confident about their future and have higher
ambitions than others. In the long run we want also to measure
their actual behaviour regards further education, career, and
The full report can be downoaded from the right column or
ordered in hard copy from firstname.lastname@example.org